What is the Lambda Function?

Lambda Functions are anonymous functions (without a name) that may contain just one expression. A function could be a code block that features some structured statements of code, works when called, and may be called n times inside a program.

The block performs a selected operation and may be utilized at any time.

For instance:

def square(x):
return x * x

As you’ll be able to see from the function statement, there are critical parameters,

Def – keyword for outlining a function.

square – Function name (which describes what’s the function for)

x – Parameters (here we will give the worthwhile we call the function)

When writing a function, it’s apparent that the def word is critical; it produces the function and therefore the function body, which explains the action or what this specific function will do.

Finally, the return statement is employed to print the worth. As a consequence, the tactic described above could also be used for any Python function.

Lambda Functions are anonymous functions (without a name) that may contain just one expression. Most of the programming languages include functionality for writing anonymous functions.

Lambda function

As we already know that the def keyword is implied to define a standard function in Python. Similarly, the lambda keyword is employed to define an anonymous function in Python.

Python Lambda Function Syntax:


lambda arguments: expression

You give the function a price (argument) then provide the operation (expression). The keyword lambda must come first. A full colon (:) separates the argument and therefore the expression.

Example of lambda function:

square = lambda x : x * x  

The normal function above and also the lambda function both perform the identical operation. They take variety and outputs the square of the numbers.

Let’s study the difference between the two:

• Naming: within the second snippet, lambda isn’t the name of the function. it’s a keyword that tells Python that we are defining a function. One can consider it as comparable to the def keyword within the traditional function definition. Generally, lambda functions are defined and used without ever being named (see next section) — but if a reputation must lean, it may be done via traditional variable assignment.

• Arguments/Inputs: within the traditional function definition, the argument x is within the parentheses after the function name. With the lambda function, the argument x is to the left of the colon.

For functions with quite one input, all of the inputs will similarly be to the left of the colon, separated by commas.

• Return Values: in a very classic function, the return value goes after the return keyword. For a lambda function, the return value goes to the proper of the colon. A lambda function may contain several.

However, the functional body can only contain one expression. Moreover, a lambda is written in an exceedingly single line of code and may even be invoked immediately.

What is the need for Lambda function?

Their primary benefit lies in their simplicity and convenience, we use lambda functions once we require a nameless function for a brief period of your time.

In Python, it’s used as an argument to a higher-order function (a function that takes in other functions as arguments). Lambda functions are used together with built-in functions like filter(), map() etc.

To minimize the number of lines needed to specify functionality.
Another important consideration is when a function is merely required sometimes instead of on an everyday basis.

The power of lambda is healthier shown after you use them as an anonymous function inside another function

Where to use the Lambda function?

If you would like to use a function but don’t want to use a def or a nameless condition, lambda is that the thanks to going. Temporary or occasional use is the second essential use.

This function could also be used with other higher-order functions like filter(), map(), reduce(), and so on.

Items within the list and a brand new list is returned which contains items that the function evaluates to True.

Here is an example use of the filter () function to separate only even numbers from an inventory.

Code Explanation:

Lambda Function


  1. Within the first statement, we define an inventory called my_list which contains some numbers.
  2. Here, we declare a variable called new_list, which can store the filtered values returned by the filter() function.
Lambda Function Uses


  1. A lambda function which runs on each element of the list and returns true if it’s greater than 4.
  2. 4. Print the result returned by the filter function.

Using lambda() Function with map()

The map() function in Python takes in a very function and a listing as an argument. The function is named with a lambda function and a listing and a replacement list is returned which contains all the lambda modified items returned by that function for every item.


Code explanation

Lambda Function AWS


  1. Here, we define an inventory called Li which contains some numbers.
  2. We declare a variable called final_list which can store the mapped values
  3. A lambda function that runs on each element of the list and returns the square of that number.
  4. Print the result returned by the map function.

Use Lambda() with reduce()

The reduce() function in Python takes in an exceeding function and an inventory as an argument. The function is named with a lambda function and an iterable and a replacement reduced result’s returned.

This performs a repetitive operation over the pairs of the iterable. The reduce() function belongs to the functools module.

For example, there may be a program that returns the merchandise of all elements in an exceeding list:

Lambda Function example


Code Explanation:

  1. Import reduce from the functools module
  2. Here, we define an inventory called sequences which contains some numbers.
  3. We declare a variable called product which can store the reduced value
  4. A lambda function that runs on each element of the list. it’ll return the merchandise of that number as per the previous result.
  5. Print the result returned by the reduce function.

The Disadvantages of the Lambda function

The following are disadvantages of the Lambda function

• Despite Python’s popularity because the world’s most well-liked artificial language, Lambda isn’t user-friendly.

• The Lambda function is going to be controversial if we want to create a posh function.

• Strictly limited to one expression

• Although it cannot access a worldwide variable, it can access the lone local variable.

• The simplicity of the Lambda function, which may be a single statement, can not be acceptable altogether under circumstances.

• For clarity, most Python functions and modules contain documentation, which is another drawback of the Lambda function.

Lambda functions are compact thanks to writing functions but don’t seem to be used often by beginner coders, but here you have got seen how you’ll easily use them at any level if you opt to embrace Lambda functions in your code or not, you would like to grasp what they’re and the way they’re used since you’ll inevitably bump into them in other peoples’ code.

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